Protagonists – Photos

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Baltasar Garzón

Baltasar GarzonMagistrate judge and president of FIBGAR, international foundation. It was refined and away from judicial career by accepting the complaints of victims and associations of memory and launch the first investigation that occurred in Spain since the transition on the crimes of Francoism. “In 2008 when I admitted to address individual complaints and issue the order of allocation of 16 October 2008 the response was so great that it seemed we were on the 36th (..) and did everything possible to burst research and they made it. The prosecutor appealed immediately, then filed a complaint, came the suspension and a trial that was a conviction. Finally, a Supreme Court ruling in March 2012 where it was said: “You look at victims sorry, but here is not going to do anything legally, this is closed and will never do anything.”

Marta Servini

Maria ServiniIt is the judge who instructs the complaints that victims of Francoism presented in Argentina as a result of the refusal of the Spanish justice to investigate and give legal protection to their demands. Servini its investigation judge has revealed resolutions Spanish Supreme Court to give shelve the desire for justice of the victims. The judge Argentina supports the process opened by the crimes of Francoism in UN resolutions, international law and humanitarian law. “What I noticed is that families all have as afraid to talk and cry a lot, which in the case of the Argentines who have lost children do not cry much.” “These are crimes against humanity that are crimes which has intervened State “. “These are abhorrent crimes, the state continued to detain those who thought differently, torturing, disappearing by shooting … ..then that amnesty is that”. “There is fear, a fear that is still maintained in Argentina not expose and when they finish they feel like they have taken a load off, something that overwhelmed him, is very sad.”

Francisco Moreno Gómez

Francisco MorenoThis Cordovan historian has devoted his life to investigating the crimes of Francoism first in Córdoba and then throughout Spain. His work has allowed Franco certify that killed more than 12,000 people in the province of Cordoba. Francisco Moreno Gómez discovered hundreds of extrajudicial killings that occurred in the city of Cordoba. The two city cemeteries are home to at least 4,000 people executed by Franco who are still buried in two mass graves.

Arcángel Bedmar

Arcangel BedmarHe is a historian who has focused his research in the Cordovan countryside. He has published books on war and Franco’s repression in Cordoba towns of Lucena, Montilla, Fernan Nunez, Rute and Baena, and has conducted research on these topics in the towns of Montemayor, New Carteya and Iznájar. Also on the Republic, the civil war and Franco first, I have written articles in magazines and books and has lectured at various conferences and congresses. “In 40 there were still more than 270,000 in the jails. More than 300,000 are subject to the law of political responsibilities; more than 6000 in Cordoba. In 43 still they remained in the hands of religious schools more than 10,500 children who had left prison; They had taken away the parental rights of mothers and do not know what happened to these children. The figures are shocking. ”

Rosario Moreno

Rosario Moreno GHis father was mayor of the town of Obejo. He was the last person who saw her father alive. That image has accompanied him until today. He was killed after appearing before the Francoist authorities in the war to ignore the pro-Franco side promised that there would be no reprisals for those who have committed violent crimes. As the father of Rosario were killed thousands of people. The family was expropriated and robbed them and took all their goods. The family home became the headquarters of the Civil Guard.

José López Gavilán

José López GavilánHis father was a trade agent. He was killed for not supporting the military coup. He was arrested in a farmhouse where he had taken refuge with his family. Joseph was nine and his sister 7. The five-kilometer walked behind his father when he had stopped and tied way of death was forever etched in his memory. They had a well-off as many victims stripped them of everything. “I could not develop as a person so we did.”

Carmen Gracia Cosano

Carmen G CosanoShe was seven when her father was killed. He was a socialist and union leader bakers UGT. As they shot him all affiliates of Cordoba. Fear and terror unleashed by Franco in the city made all family friends abandon them. “No one spoke to us or greet us.”

Antonio Deza

Antonio Deza RHe did not know the circumstances of the death of his father until this century. They hid the family tragedy throughout his life. His life was marked by child labor, hunger and poverty. Now he has learned that killed nine people in his family and has understood that he has also been a victim.

Francisco Sánchez Deza

Francisco Sanchez DThey took his father when he had him in his arms. He lost his mother and most of his family. Like many children of the vanquished he was alone and had to work since he was a child to survive. He was reunited with his cousin Antonio in the seventies.


Anselma Guillermina Gómez Angulo

Anselma G Gomez AnguloShe has never stopped looking for the remains of his father. He came to the European Parliament for support to find the remains of his father who is in one of the mass graves of Cordoba. Neither in Spain nor in Europe have been under. Like many touched them flee the terror and misery to which they condemned them in their hometowns. He was part of that inner exile who staged the vanquished to survive.

Carmen Martínez Haza

Carmen Martinez HThey took his grandfather and grandmother accused of being enemies of God. Still remain missing, no death certificate or any document about his whereabouts. Besides his father he was punished and sent to a labor battalion in Africa for five years. Since then the fear never left him.

José Rojas

They killed his grandfather when his father was still a child. After 16 years, they were sent to a slave labor camp in Lerida, where they were almost ten years without rights of any kind. They never recovered. They became sick and nightmares and fear were his company forever.

Praxedes Perez Vargas

As a child, his father had to work for the Falangists who had stolen all as punishment for being a Republican. Until the sixties did not know the fate of the grandfather who died in a Nazi concentration camp after fleeing to not kill him.

Rocio y Florentina Rodríguez Borrego

Rocio R BorregoThe grandmother was tortured and murdered in Jauja. His remains are still missing today. His grandmother’s brothers were in a concentration camp and one of them was Mole (lived hidden in his house in a pigsty) all dictatorship until almost the death of Franco.

Rafael Espino

Rafael_EspinoHe discovered he had seven family members killed in the course of their investigations. He grew up in Aguilar de la Frontera without knowing the tragedy that befell his family, unaware of the crimes they had committed Franco in the village. In 2006 he created AREMEHISA with other relatives of victims. In 2010, the first clandestine graves exhumed. They began their investigations from the books of Francisco Moreno Gómez, and today they have identified more than 200 people killed in the first months of the military coup.

Antonio and Manuel Cabello Paniagua

Children of a socialist councilor Aguilar that today is still missing. They grew identified, marked as red and without rights. Fear made her mother did not take them to school because she was convinced that his father was killed because he knew too much.

Rafael Tubino

His grandfather was a journalist and was a director of one of the most modern factories in Aguilar. In the company the rights of workers are respected and apparently that was one of the reasons for it were to seek out and kill him.

Remedios Gómez

Remedios Gomez MHer father was 42 and his brother 17 when they were taken. They were musicians and had land they worked. Remedios and his family fled to Jaen on foot. When they returned to their home Santa Cruz had stayed a Falangist. His mother was represaliada and humiliated. They had to emigrate to Córdoba because they were not given work. Remedios had to keep pigs to eat as a child.

Remedios Moreno

Her father was an aviator of the republic. He was stripped of everything and imprisoned. He never recovered. The family always lived in fear and hiding their destination.

Ernesto Caballero

His father was mayor of Villanueva de Córdoba and after the war had to flee to the mountains to avoid being killed. Eight years after the end of the war, in 47 he was killed. He saw his father killed with a rope around his neck, an image he carries with him. His mother was shaven, battered, gave him castor oil and imprisoned for a year when he tried to contact the parent. They never left them alone. Each time you stopped the mother, five brothers were left alone and without resources. Very young, Ernesto became communist leader in hiding.

Josefa Patiño

Josefa_PatiñoHer life inspired the novel by Dulce Chacón “The Sleeping Voice”.


Carmeli Tamajón

Carmeli_TamajonThey took her sister and hours later had been killed in the cemetery of Health in Cordoba. His parents had no right to ask for explanations.

Luis Naranjo

Ex-CEO of the Report of the Board of Andalusia. He was the driver of the first Law of Democratic Memory of the Andalusian.

Antonio Manuel Rodriguez

His grandfather was an anarchist leader and was sentenced to death. His grandmother bribed the judge and released him condemned to civil death, royalty, always guarded and threatenedHe was forced to marry her grandmother at gunpoint and to change the names of their children with others of the saints.

Also …

Manuel Munoz Deza
Francisco Merino
José María Navarro León
Carmen and Francisco Jimenez Jimenez
Manuela Aguilar
José Manuel Guijo
Virginia Archaeologist
Ana Claro
Rafael Martinez Ruiz
Carmen Prada
Miguel Caballero

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